国情教育究竟重不重要?从香港教育的历史经验来看!

来源:睁眼看教育      日期:2019-08-21     浏览数:5433次
国情教育究竟重不重要?从香港教育的历史经验来看!

香港的教育一直以来是优质和国际化的代表,受到了内地人民诸多的关注。

但是从目前的形式来看,还是香港的教育出了问题

问题就出在爱国主义教育和国情教育没有到位

很多人就反驳说需要这一套教育吗?

我认为是需要的,但是操作方式需要改变

为什么需要

从国际上来看,美国的教育实际上也存在价值观教育和爱国教育

甚至其宗教教育都包含着国家的教育思想

这一切的内容都是主要体现在公民教育课程之中

在教育中塑造的就是培养美国人的观念

塑造孩子们美国人的价值观

不过很多人因为偏见也视之不见

那么,香港的教育存在这些吗?

香港目前的中小学通识教育是没有塑造青少年“国家”观念的,而仅仅塑造“香港”观念。

其实本来又一次机会可以抓住

通过那一次的课程来培养青少年的“家国情怀”

但是结果还是以失败告终

2012年,香港发生一件叫做“国教科”的事件,这起事件的结果也为今天埋下了种子

2012年,在时任香港特首梁的推动下,香港特区政府曾计划在小学一年级至中学6年级开展“德育及国民教育科”,简称“国教科”。

当时港府认为通过持续性的学习,能够使学生对中国快速的发展产生自豪感并且建立国民身份认同感,以价值观培养和态度培养为导向,帮助香港学生养成良好的品德和“国民”素养,从而确立一种个人、家庭、族群和国家的身份认同。

通俗地说就是加深学生对中国的了解,培养具有中国意识的学生。

香港教育局曾在当年计划在9月份开展为期三年的新学年课程,负责人说学校可以从2012、2013或者2014年陆续推行。

从时间上来看,是2012年6月13日立法会提出此议案。

不过引起了香港一些人的不同意,也引发了一些活动。

其中影响最大的就是7月29日的活动,活动发起者认为“国教科”是灌输民族主义情感和洗脑教育。

当时计划是1万人的活动,最终的结果据《明报》统计,高峰期有9万人参加,警方出动高达3万2千人维持秩序。此次事件又引起了巨大的国际争议,香港本地反应最激烈的就是臭名昭著的《苹果日报》。

不同意者戏称:“xiang gang的高官,你们对教育的无知,不懂国民教育与公民教育的不同,都快成国际笑话了”。这句话今天看来是如此的讽刺,或许正是由于国民教育推行不到位,才会出现各样的乱局。反对者认为的“公民教育”仍然是培养“香港人”的教育,但是“香港人”是香港自己的主人吗?最终培养的“香港人”还是成为了英属“香港人”。

但是参加此活动的人多吗?时任香港教育局长吴克俭在亚视国际台《时事纵横》节目称:“全港学生加上家长数目过百万,仅有不到10万人行动表达对此科之不满,可见香港有数百万“沉默大多数”支持国民教育推行。”

不过经常都是喧嚣的少部分人最终决定了事件的走向。

沉默的螺旋效应始终发挥着重要的作用。

面对不同意的意见,梁重申:“教材由学校订制,无强制官方教材。市民有点担心的是当代国情课程,大概占整个课程的1/20,现有的小学课程也包括世界、香港社会,如果略掉国家部分似乎会造成断裂。”这是2012年8月13日,梁正英对于反对意见的回应,没想到一语成谶,最终没有推行此计划在今天真的出现了“断裂”。

2012年10月8日,香港特区政府宣布计划搁浅。

一场试图加强香港“国民教育”的努力最终失败。

今天的一切从历史来看,似乎都能够看到征兆!

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